Roulette rules and how to play
Roulette was first played in France
back in the 17th century. It is now one of the most popular
European gambling games and Monte Carlo in Monaco is a well
known and famous casino center for playing roulette.
Players, usually up to eight, play against the house represented
by the croupier also called the dealer, who spins the roulette
wheel and handles the wagers and payouts. The wheel has
37 slots representing 36 numbers and one zero. In the USA
most wheels have two zeros and therefore 38 slots.
Each player buys-in a different colored
chips so their bets don't get mixed up. At the end of play,
if you won, you exchange back the colored chips with cash
chips. These are special chips with the value amount imprinted
on them. There are several denominations in various colors.
You then take these chips to the cash desk where they will
give you actual cash money in exchange.
To play, you place your bet or bets
on numbers (any number including the zero) in the table
layout or on the outside, and when everybody at the table
had a chance to place their bets, the croupier starts the
spin and launches the ball. Just a few moments before the
ball is about to drop over the slots, the croupier says
'no more bets'. From that moment no one is allowed to place
- or change - their bets until the ball drops on a slot.
Only after the croupier places the 'dolly' on the winning
number on the table and clears all the losing bets you can
then start placing your new bets while the croupier pays
the winners. The winners are those bets that are on or around
the number that comes up. Also the bets on the outside of
the layout win if the winning number is represented.
The house advantage
On a single zero roulette table the house advantage is 2.7%.
On a double zero roulette table it is 5.26% (7.9% on the
five-number bet, 0-00-1-2-3). The house advantage is gained
by paying the winners a chip or two (or a proportion of
it) less than what it should have been if there was no advantage.
(See Roulette Quiz - The Casino Advantage.)
The 'En Prison' rule
A rule applied to even money bets only, and by some casinos
(not all). When the outcome is zero, some casinos will allow
the player to either take back half his bet or leave the
bet (in prison) for another spin. In the second case, if
the following spin the outcome is again zero, then the whole
bet is lost.
A bet on one number only, called a straight-up bet, pays
35 to 1. (You collect 36. With no house advantage you should
collect 37 (38 in the USA on double zero wheels).
A two-number bet, called split bet, pays 17 to 1.
A three-number bet, called street bet, pays 11 to 1.
A four-number bet, called corner bet, pays 8 to 1.
A six-number bet, pays 5 to 1.
A bet on the outside dozen or column, pays 2 to 1.
A bet on the outside even money bets, pays 1 to 1.
Object of the game
To win the player needs to predict where the ball will land
after each spin. This is by no means easy. In fact, luck
plays an important part in this game. Some players go with
the winning numbers calling them 'hot' numbers and therefore
likely to come up more times. Others see which numbers did
not come up for some time and bet on them believing that
their turn is now due. Some players bet on many numbers
to increase their chances of winning at every spin, but
this way the payout is considerably reduced. Other methodical
players use systems or methods.
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